Rugby Sevens history, positions, rules, laws and more
Rugby sevens, also known as seven-a-side rugby, is a variant of the sport of rugby union in which teams are made up of seven players rather than the traditional 15 players. Rugby sevens is played on a full-size rugby field, but the shorter game duration and fewer players on the field make for a faster and more open style of play.
Rugby sevens is characterized by high-scoring matches and an emphasis on attacking play. The game is played in two halves of seven minutes each, with a two-minute halftime break.
Rugby sevens has gained popularity in recent years, and is now played at the international level. The Rugby World Cup Sevens is the premier international tournament for the sport, and is held every four years. Rugby sevens was also included as an Olympic sport for the first time at the 2016 Summer Olympics in Rio de Janeiro.
Rugby sevens is a popular spectacle for fans and is known for its exciting, fast-paced action. It is also a popular choice for amateur and recreational players due to the shorter game duration and the fact that it requires fewer players to field a team.
Rules & Laws
Rugby sevens is a variant of the sport of rugby union played with seven players on each team rather than the traditional 15. The game is played on a full-size rugby field, with the same dimensions and markings as in 15-a-side rugby.
The rules of rugby sevens are similar to those of 15-a-side rugby, with a few key differences. The most significant difference is the number of players on the field. In rugby sevens, there are seven players on each team rather than 15, which leads to a faster and more open style of play.
Other differences between rugby sevens and 15-a-side rugby include:
- Shorter game duration: Rugby sevens matches are played in two halves of seven minutes each, with a two-minute halftime break.
- Fewer substitutions: In rugby sevens, teams are allowed to make up to five substitutions per match, compared to eight in 15-a-side rugby.
- Scrum formation: In rugby sevens, the scrum formation consists of three players from each team, rather than the eight players used in 15-a-side rugby.
- Conversion kicks: Conversion kicks in rugby sevens are taken from the spot where the try was scored, rather than from a line perpendicular to the goalposts.
Overall, the rules and laws of rugby sevens are designed to create a fast-paced and exciting version of the sport that is suitable for amateur and recreational players, as well as elite athletes.
Rugby sevens, also known as seven-a-side rugby, is a variant of the sport of rugby union that has been played for over 100 years. The origins of rugby sevens can be traced back to the early 20th century, when it was first played as a way for teams to stay in shape during the off-season.
The first official rugby sevens tournament is believed to have taken place in Melrose, Scotland in 1883. The tournament, which was organized by the Melrose Football Club, was a success and led to the establishment of the annual Melrose Sevens tournament, which is still played today.
Rugby sevens gained popularity in the United Kingdom and the British Empire, and was eventually introduced to other parts of the world, including Australia and New Zealand. In the 1970s and 1980s, the sport gained a significant following in the Pacific Islands, and it is now played in many countries around the world.
Rugby sevens has also gained recognition at the international level, with the Rugby World Cup Sevens being held every four years since 1993. In 2016, rugby sevens was included as an Olympic sport for the first time, with both men's and women's tournaments being held at the Summer Olympics in Rio de Janeiro.
In rugby sevens, each team is made up of seven players, who are usually divided into specific positions based on their skills and roles within the team. The positions in rugby sevens are similar to those in 15-a-side rugby, but with fewer players on the field, each player is expected to have a greater all-around skill set and to be able to play multiple roles.
Here is a brief overview of the positions in rugby sevens:
- Scrumhalf: The scrumhalf is a key playmaker who acts as a link between the forwards and the backs. They are responsible for organizing the team's attack and defense, and for distributing the ball to the other players.
- Flyhalf: The flyhalf is a key playmaker who is responsible for directing the team's attack and for kicking goals. They often act as a second distributor, and are key to the team's attacking strategy.
- Centers: The centers are the midfielders of the team. They are responsible for creating scoring opportunities and for providing support to the forwards and backs.
- Wings: The wings are the team's primary attacking players. They are responsible for running with the ball and scoring tries, and for providing support to the other attacking players.
- Fullback: The fullback is the team's last line of defense. They are responsible for covering the field and for tackling opponents who break through the team's defense.
In addition to these positions, each team usually has a number of forwards, who are responsible for the scrums, lineouts, and general play in the forwards. The forwards in rugby sevens are usually a mix of props, hookers, locks, and loose forwards.